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Mortgage Insurance vs Homeowners Insurance: What You Need to Know

It’s important to grasp the distinctions between mortgage insurance and homeowners insurance when looking to protect your house and finances.

Mortgage insurance covers your lender if you default on your mortgage. On the other hand, homeowners insurance covers your property, belongings, and even certain liability claims.

As a first-time homebuyer, grasping these distinctions between mortgage insurance vs. homeowners insurance will help you confidently navigate the insurance landscape.

What is Mortgage Insurance?

Mortgage insurance, also called private mortgage insurance (PMI), provides financial protection to lenders in case the borrower fails to make their monthly payments. This policy is typically required when homebuyers cannot afford a 20% down payment on their house.

The cost associated with this form of protection leads to higher monthly mortgage payments for homeowners. However, it opens doors for those who cannot put down large upfront amounts and helps them become homeowners sooner rather than later.

What is Homeowners Insurance?

Homeowners’ insurance safeguards homeowners against potential risks. It is an essential coverage that financially protects you against various threats and unforeseen circumstances.

The main objective of homeowners insurance is to safeguard your residence and belongings inside it from unexpected occurrences, such as destruction caused by fire or theft.

Beyond just covering physical damages or losses due to hazards like fires or storms, these policies also offer additional living expenses coverage, which can be beneficial if you are temporarily unable to live in your insured residence because of covered incidents. This could mean hotel bills during repairs following extensive water damage caused by burst pipes – one less thing for stressed-out homeowners dealing with disaster aftermaths.

What Does Mortgage Insurance Cover?

Mortgage insurance doesn’t cover the homeowner directly. Instead, it protects the lender if the borrower cannot meet their mortgage obligations. If a borrower stops making payments and the lender has to initiate foreclosure proceedings, the mortgage insurance kicks in to help cover the outstanding balance on the loan.

Mortgage insurance typically does not cover other financial aspects related to homeownership. It doesn’t protect the borrower’s investment in the property, personal belongings, or liability in case of accidents or injuries on the property.

What Does Homeowners Insurance Cover?

Homeowners’ insurance varies from policy to policy. Some aspects that are typically covered under homeowners insurance may include:

  • Dwelling Coverage: Repairs or rebuilds your home from damage by events like fire, storms, or vandalism.
  • Other Structures: Covers detached structures like garages and fences.
  • Personal Property: Replaces belongings (furniture, electronics) if damaged or stolen.
  • Liability: Covers legal costs if someone’s injured on your property.
  • Medical Payments: Covers guests’ minor injury medical expenses.
  • Additional Living Expenses: Pays for temporary housing if your home is uninhabitable.
  • Natural Disasters: Events like fire, windstorms, hail, etc. Some natural disasters, such as floods or earthquakes, may require alternative insurance.

Have Questions About Mortgage Insurance?

If you still have questions about mortgage insurance vs. homeowners insurance, reach out to us at Michigan Mortgage! Our mortgage experts are here to lend a hand for all of your mortgage needs and inquiries.

How to Eliminate Mortgage Insurance

How to Eliminate Mortgage Insurance

Most buyers have heard of Mortgage Insurance and know that it is insurance that does not protect them but rather the lender against them defaulting on the home loan.

What most buyers don’t know is how they can avoid or when it can removed from their mortgage.

Mortgage insurance (MI) comes in the form of a few different names but it is essentially the same thing.

How to Eliminate Mortgage InsuranceConventional loans refer to it as PMI (Private Mortgage Insurance) whereas FHA and Rural Development (RD) refer to it as MIP (mortgage insurance premium).  VA does not have it at all but they have a funding fee on most loans that is added to the principal balance. FHA and RD have a similar add on fee that is called upfront mortgage insurance.

Regardless of what it is called and where it is charged, MI is a fee that lenders use to offset the losses that occur when people don’t pay on their loans.  It is charged to many to pay for the sins of a few.

For conventional loans, if you have 20 percent down, you will not be charged MI.

FHA and RD have mortgage insurance as a monthly fee regardless of the equity position, so even if you put 20 percent down on these loans, you will have mortgage insurance.

I am often asked how clients can get rid of mortgage insurance. Obviously, not everyone has enough savings to put 20 percent down but they don’t want to have this fee on their loan forever.

Again, RD and FHA have it no matter how much you put down, but for conventional loans, there are a couple creative ways to get rid of the mortgage insurance.

Option 1: Pay a fee upfront and not have a monthly mortgage insurance at all. While this helps reduce the total monthly payment, it is not always a wise decision. If the borrower will not be in the loan for long enough to recoup charge to remove it, the benefit it is not advisable to buy out of the MI. Similarly, it does not make sense to buy out of MI in an interest-rate environment that seems to be going down. In other words, if the person is likely to refinance or sell in the next 24 -to-36 months, it probably does not make sense to pay a flat fee to get out of the mortgage insurance.

Given enough time in the mortgage, however, you can save up to 50 percent of what you would otherwise eventually pay monthly.  In other words, paying upfront gives you a discount if you stay in the loan long enough.

Option 2: Have the lender pay it for you. This is called lender paid MI. Buyer beware on this tactic. While this sounds great, there is no free lunch; that maneuver will inevitably increase your interest rate.

Option 3: Get a first mortgage and a second mortgage. Assume a buyer had a 10 percent down payment. They would finance 80 percent of the sale price on the first mortgage but then close the loan with a second mortgage for the remaining 10 percent. It sounds like a great idea until you realize that the interest rate on the first mortgage has a substantial price adjustment when you piggyback it with a second mortgage. Additionally, the second mortgage itself is generally a higher interest rate and oftentimes interest only. In the end, this tactic is not usually worth the effort.

If a buyer opts to have normal monthly MI, which many do, the next question is how does one get rid of Mortgage insurance once they have it?

Previously we mention that that on FHA and RD the mortgage insurance stays on for the life of the loan. This means the only way to eliminate the insurance is to refinance.

For conventional loans, mortgage insurance is eliminated in a couple of different ways.

It is automatically removed once a consumer pays 22 percent off of the originally borrowed loan amount. It can also be removed with an appraisal that shows 20 percent equity. A third way to remove the mortgage insurance is with a refinance.

In an environment where there has been a lot of equity, interest rates have been reduced, and the consumer has paid down the loan enough, refinancing is often times very good option.

All of this is to say that the need for a trusted advisor who manages your debt annually is imperative.   Our job is just beginning once you close your loan. We help you build financial wealth with real estate and manage your debt to your advantage. We are here to guide you.

Image showing a client filling out home insurance application

Everything you need to know before shopping for homeowners insurance

Long before you’re “clear to close,” your loan officer will request information related to homeowners insurance. Have you done the leg work to find the best coverage for the best rate?

We sat down with Ryan Hendrickson, owner and agent with Farm Bureau Insurance, to help guide you through the process to home ownership.

Michigan Mortgage: Buyers must obtain homeowners insurance before securing a mortgage. When in the process should they start getting quotes from local agencies?

Ryan Hendrickson: I would recommend getting a quote as soon as an offer has been accepted. When purchasing a home, especially in this seller’s climate, a speedy close is often a requirement of the offer. If you’re able to finalize your homeowners insurance early in the process, you will insure that it will not cause any unnecessary delays in your loan closing.

MM: Should home owners shop around and compare rates?

RH: Absolutely! It is always smart to compare rates. Your homeowners insurance is a large determination in what your “cash to close” is going to be. When you are purchasing a home, money can be tight. Saving even a little money can go a long way.

MM: That’s good to know. Thank you! After the home is purchased, how often should homeowners shop around for new rates?

RH: Price is obviously an important factor when determining or keeping your insurance with a company. I would recommend checking around if you ever notice a significant increase to your rates.

Remember, there are determinations other than price. You also have to look at convenience, coverage and customer service. Simply stated; would you ever buy a car by just looking at cost? Or adversely; buy a car without looking at cost? You’re likely not going to be happy either way. With homeowners insurance you need to be sure you are taking coverage and cost into consideration. When you do have a claim, you want to be sure that you have a good policy and are not only looking for a 15 minute, 15 percent discount.

MM: Why is it important for buyers to work with a local agent as opposed to a national branch or call center?

RH: Everyone has a different level of understanding when it comes to home and auto insurance. Most of the time it is a bit confusing. When working with a national branch or call center there are many facets of Michigan insurance law that they might not be familiar with. I would always recommend going local for two reasons: Your dollars stay in your community and we know Michigan insurance.

If you have more questions about homeowners insurance and its impact on the home buying process, your Michigan Mortgage Loan Officer is here to help.